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All About Design Principles

You need to have some basic understanding of design principles before tackling a major home improvement project. Design principles are really not as difficult to understand, as people believe.

Design is a pleasing arrangement of five elements:

  1. Color
  2. Form
  3. Mass
  4. Texture
  5. Line

You can use more or less of design element to create your own style. These five elements alone are not enough to complete a successful design. There are also five components of composition that designers refer to and you need to understand.

  1. Focal Point:
    This is the visual point of reference in a room that the eye naturally returns to.

  2. Scale and Proportion:
    Scale talks to overall size and proportions and speaks more to how the pieces fit relative to the entire room. These are very important factors when selecting furniture.

  3. Contrast:
    Contrast is a really about taking opposites and placing them together. Contrast makes a space more interesting and gives it depth but a word of warning is needed here. Go easy on contrast, if it is overdone it can make a space look like it has no harmony.

  4. Harmony and Unity:
    Harmony and unity blend a room together so it appears as though everything belongs.

  5. Variety:
    Variety is indeed the spice of life. It is important to include variety in any space to make it interesting, however as with everything, too much variety can lead to a cluttered busy look.

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